Loans For People With Bad Credit

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Realistic Loan Options for People with Bad Credit

Daniel Boortins, a well-respected historian once said, “it is hardly an exaggeration to say that the American standard of living was bought on installment plan”.  What happens to that standard of living when a consumer’s credit rating is so bad that lender’s refuse to give any more credit? Simple, the consumer uses another financial tool known as a loan. But first the consumer must be familiar with loans for people with bad credit, because those will be the only type of loans that the consumer will qualify for.

A loan is an agreement that can be entered into by natural or juridical entities, whereby money, property or any other type of asset is given at a predetermined or determinable future date by a lender to a borrower. The latter agrees to return the thing borrowed or its equivalent usually along with interest at some future time and in most cases on installment.  For example Mr. C lends five hundred dollars ($500.00) to Mr. B. with the understanding that the latter will pay the former the entire amount with ten percent (10%) interest, in five (5) monthly and equal installments starting January 1, 2012.  Therefore Mr. B has to pay Mr. C. one hundred ten dollars ($110) on the first of each month for five (5) months, starting January 1, 2012.

Consumer Credit is an indicator used by creditors to determine how much of a risk a consumer is in defaulting on a loan.  A poor credit rating indicates a high risk, and lead to higher interest rates, or the denial of a loan application. Therefore, loans for people with bad credit are limited by the calculated amount of risk a lender or creditor might be willing to accept.

Borrowers have to accept the reality that the provisos contained on loans for people with bad credit will not be as favorable to them as opposed to loan options for people with excellent or good credit. For example, Mr. A and Mr. B each take out a three hundred thousand dollar ($300,000.00) thirty (30) year fixed rate loan. Mr. A with excellent credit, which means a credit score of around seven hundred sixty (760) to eight hundred fifty (850) can expect to pay around five point seven percent (5.7%) interest, amounting to more than seventeen thousand dollars ($17,000.00) in interest payment. Mr. B who is a consumer with damaged credit, around five hundred (500) to five hundred seventy nine (579) can expect to pay nine point five percent (9.5%) in interest, amounting to around twenty eight thousand dollars ($28,000.00) in interest payment.

There are only a few types of loans for people with bad credit. First would be repairing their credit rating before taking out a loan.  This option is only available consumers whose credit rating is within reach of the required credit rating and who still have enough time.  For example, Mr. A has a five hundred seventy five (575) credit score and he applies for a car loan from Bank of B.  The latter is requiring a five hundred eighty (580) credit score at the very least.  Since the difference is only five (5) points and Mr. A has several disputes on his credit report, plus several bills due which he can pay on time, then it is worthwhile for Mr. A to repair his credit rating first. A delay of a few months may be better than a loan denial since this might also be taken into consideration by other lenders in the future.

Another one of the loans for people with bad credit would be to take out a loan with a cosigner who has excellent credit.  A cosigner is a person who signs the contract of loan together with the principal borrower and is considered a co borrower on the loan.  The excellent credit rating of the cosigner may be enough to compensate for the poor credit rating of the principal borrower.  This option is considered by some as one of the better loans for people with bad credit but is only realistic if the principal borrower can find a willing and sufficient cosigner for a loan.

A third loan option for people with bad credit is to consolidate and negotiate all debts and take out a single loan to pay off all overdue bills.  While most people will question the wisdom of taking out another loan and incurring another debt to pay off other debts, this is a viable option if the debt consolidation is done properly.

First, the consumer has to research lenders who are reliable and whose loan terms fit the earning capacity of the consumer.  Reliability is the key because some lenders will offer loan terms that are unrealistic and may even force a consumer to pay off only the interest while leaving out the principal amount. Reliability can be done thru research and cross referencing lenders with government and non government agencies that monitor lending institutions like the fraud department of a county or the Better Business Bureau (BBB). Second, the consumer must make a realistic calculation of their monthly income and expenses including emergency expenses for at least six months.  Whatever amount is left is the monthly loan amortization than the consumer can afford.  This will be the only time a consumer researches for reliable lenders.  Third, negotiate for a reduction of the principal amount and the condoning of interest and penalties.  Oftentimes all it takes to reduce a debt is to write a simple hardship letter or to plead with the debt evaluator.

In closing, there are still a few available loans for people with bad credit and these loan options can actually work, but the consumer must make sure to be religious in following a set income and expense, then properly researching the loan terms then asking for consideration from creditors. This is because being smart and choosing the right partner can spell the difference between being debt free or filing for bankruptcy.


Loans For People With Bad Credit

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What is a Good Credit Score

  • What is a Good Credit Score?
  • What is The Credit Score Range?
  • What is The Credit Score Scale?
  • What is The Average Credit Score?

Let’s take a look at the credit score breakdown

Most people know that their credit score plays an important role in their lives. This is the easy part, the more difficult part is actually understanding the credit score breakdown, or what goes into a credit score. There are a few different methods for calculating credit scores but the most commonly used is the FICO method that has been used since the 1980’s. The FICO method was developed by the Fair Isaac Corporation and the three big credit bureaus, TransUnion, Equifax and Experian, all worked together with Fair Isaac to develop this method.

For more information on FICO credit score please read here

FICOFICO credit score range


A persons credit score can range anywhere between 300 and 850. The average American score is around 690 which is a reasonably good score. Having the average score of 690 will enable you to secure a loan, however it will not get you the best interest rate on your loans.

Let’s take a look at the credit score breakdown.

The first factor is payment history. Payment history makes up 35% of the credit score. This is calculated based on whether you pay your bills on time or not and how many late or missed payments have been forwarded to collection agencies. It also considers if you have had any bankruptcies or tax liens. It can be difficult sometimes to meet financial deadlines if you get a heap of bills all come in at once but just remember that a missed payment is much worse than a late payment regarding your credit score. Missing a mortgage payment will affect your credit score much worse than missing a bill payment or credit card payment so always have your mortgage payment as first priority.

Next there is outstanding debt to consider and this accounts for 30% of your credit score. If you have a number of credit cards and they are all maxed out then this will have a very negative effect on your score, but if you have a number of credits that all have a lot of credit still available then this will work in your favor. Outstanding debt considers the amount of credit outstanding in relation to the amount of credit available to you. It can help your credit score to have a few credit cards that are not being used but simply to give you available credit to increase your score.

Credit Longevity is the next point that is considered when determining your credit score. How long you have established credit counts for 15% of your score. The longer you can maintain good credit and continue to pay your bills on time then the better it is for your credit rating.

Next there are the types of credit to consider. Around 10% of the score is related to the number of different types of credit that you have. If you have multiple types of credit, such as mortgage, car loan and credit card, and all are managed well then this will help with your credit score.

Amount of activity is the last factor to consider. Opening new credits card accounts to leave unused to increase your credit score is good, but not if you open too many new accounts at once. If you have too much activity happening in a short period of time this will negatively affect your score.

When you understand what is involved in the credit score breakdown then you can take steps to improve your score.


What is a Good Credit Score

Loans For People With Bad Credit

The Truth About Debt Consolidation Loans


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Category: student loans

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When in order to reduce your existing loan burden you decide to opt for the student loan consolidation, you will have to decide the plan that is most suitable for you. Direct student loan consolidation is considered best for many experts owing to its unique features.

The traditional advantages derived are flexible plans of repayment of your loans and reduction in the interest rates, and lowering of premium by 53%. However the feature that makes such loan consolidation process unique is the deferment and forbearance options that you get.

Types of direct student loan consolidation

Like others there are also various types of this. These are –

The Stafford and PLUS loan consolidation plans.

Direct Stafford and PLUS loan consolidation plans.

Direct loan consolidation plans.

Obtaining loan bills from the Center for direct loan servicing.

Ford Federal program for direct loan consolidation.

Direct lending school loan consolidation program.

The uses of the direct student loan consolidation

Obviously when you opt for this or any such student loan consolidation plan you will be concerned about the interest to be paid. Internet has solved the problem of getting the required information altogether. You can have all the information on student loan consolidation interest rates on line using the Internet.

Two methods of obtaining the information to learn about the benefits of the direct student loan consolidation plan are requesting for the free information packet or going through the step by step tutorials provide by many consolidators on line. There are also independent reviews available reading which you can form your opinion.

Apply online for direct student loan consolidation

Good news for you is that neither you will have to run to the federal or private provider’s offices nor you have to go for a mediator who will perform all tasks for you. You can simply log on to the website of the consolidator and get the required information, apply online, and get approved also online.

Of course you may have doubts and it is better to have them cleared instead of suffering at the end of it landing with wrong choice. This can be effectively achieved by going through the frequently asked questions sections of the website where you have logged on for online application and approval.

Direct Student Loan Consolidation benefits

Traditional benefits available in respect of all other student loan consolidation plans like lowering the premium, extending the repayment period up to 30 years, and reducing the overall payments are available in direct student loan consolidation plan.

You will however have to fulfill certain requirements to be eligible for the direct student loan consolidation. For example you must have federal student loan worth $10,000 and must not have defaulted at any time.

Student loan consolidation process with lower rate of interest would be a great relief for the otherwise financially constrained family. They will now have more savings to look after divergent interests of the family members. That is why lowering the student loan consolidation rates are extremely essential to save your economy from disaster.

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Category: student loans

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Are you worried about not finishing your college education on time? Is money the main reason why you can’t continue your studies? If you answered yes to all these questions, then stop worrying. Welcome to the real world. Bear in mind, you’re not the only one with the same problem. There are also students who lack funds in order to support them throughout their college life. What you will do is to avail student loans. Student loans can be obtained from different sources. There are various private lending institutions offering the said loan services. However, the US Department of Education has come up with a program to help financially deprived students.

The loan is also known as direct student loan. It can be directly availed from the federal government. What’s pleasant is the terms and conditions. Unlike private student loans, the interest charged is lower. The program is intended to assist student financially. It will give opportunity to those college students who are determined in continuing their education. The high costs of tuition fees and other related expenses pose a burden on most students. Majority of students availing loans came from low-income families. Even working students are dependent on loans in order to survive college life. With the help of direct student loan, they will be able to pay off necessary expenses.

If you are interested in applying, just inquire to the US Department of Education. You will be filling up forms. Expect though for some interview. You will be asked some personal questions and other matters. In the said interview, it’s like a counseling session where you will learn about your obligation and the entire loan process. Actually, there are two kinds of direct student loan you can choose from- subsidized and unsubsidized. Subsidized direct student loan is a need-based loan where financial capability of a student is determined. What makes this kind attractive to students is with regard to the interest.

Students need not pay the interest during the duration of academic term. The interest rate is also quite low compared to unsubsidized loans. Instead, the federal government will be paying for the interest. On the other hand, unsubsidized student loan is open for eligible students. The interest will be paid by the students themselves according to the repayment plan. You can also opt to defer your payments. However, a penalty is imposed in deferring the payment period. In direct student loan, the repayment period can go as long as 25 years. The federal government also gives extensions. The amount of the loan will depend on a lot of factors.

The class level where you belong is one aspect to consider. If you are in the higher class level, the amount will be much higher. Another thing is the degree of financial dependence. If you are still dependent on your parents, the amount is lower compared to financially independent students. So, don’t be in despair about your situation, a direct student loan is just what you need. If you really want to finish your college education, there will always be a way.

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Category: student loans

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As a student, by the time you reach your graduate years, you are looking to find the best interest rates possible for private or federal loans to help you complete the final phase of your education. Student loans and debt can become incredibly overwhelming and the larger the debt the more anxiety and stress a student will begin to feel when the time comes to start paying off these loans with money you may not have to spend. There are many different types of graduate student loans with fixed interest rates that can help you better afford these extra years of schooling as well as the minimum monthly payments required of you.

The Graduate Stafford Student Loan is one of the most popular forms of graduate loans available for students today. With the cost of graduate school increased by 35% in the last 10years it can become almost impossible for a student to be able to afford this elite phase of education, but there are loans out there that can help you. The Graduate Stafford Loan offers two different types of graduate loans, one for financial needs and one that is not for financial needs. This allows all prospective graduate students a chance at achieving this loan at a fixed interest rate of 6.8% through to the year of 2018.

There are free applications that you can utilize online to see if you are eligible for this loan and take advantage of this low fixed interest rate. As a student reaching graduate school you may have already experienced your student loan interest rates rising and rising each and every year, maybe even forcing you into student loan consolidation, this is where fixed interest rates become the number one student loan choice. For additional loans that offer fixed interest rate there is a new graduate loan available today, the Graduate Plus Loans.

This is another federal based loan and one that is now offering a fixed interest rate of 8.5% which is comparably affordable compared to private lending options and interest rates that can fluctuate with the market. As a student, although the Graduate Stafford Student Loan offers a lower fixed interest rate if you cannot obtain this loan than the Graduate Plus Loan is the next best thing. Whether you are a student or not, when you are obtaining a loan of any kind that offers a fixed interest rate you can expect it to be a bit higher because the lender wants to be able to make money even though it is not fluctuating. The benefit for you is that these graduate student loans with fixed interest rates allow you the security to know your minimum monthly payments and know that they can never go up.

Finding a graduate student loan with fixed interest rates can take some time and research but by this point in your education you more than likely already have so much debt that taking the time to find a loan with fixed interest rates is time well invested. For each and every one of these graduate student loans with fixed interest rates you can apply online and visit their websites to understand the requirements and the information you will have the supply in order to be considered.

Make sure to take the time to apply for these graduate student loans with fixed interest rates in plenty of time before you need the money to make sure you do not find yourself in a bind and have to turn to any lender with high interest rates to pay your tuition.

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Category: student loans

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Little do some college-bound students realize, but getting accepted to their university of choice is just the first step, the first hurdle to overcome on the way to that Bachelor’s Degree. Scoring high on the SAT’s and convincing the university that it has to accept you are almost easy, compared to financing a college education. Fortunately, there are innumerable opportunities for financial aid out there, from loans for students, to loans for parents, to consolidated loans. Student loans are the most common of these, but when some students receive the information on their financial aid packages, they really do not know what they are looking at, let alone what it is. To make things a little easier, here is a discussion on the fundamentals of student loans.

Student loans are, of course, loans for students. That is to say, the student is the borrower, rather than their parents or guardians – meaning, too, that the students are responsible for paying the loans back once they have graduated. The most common student loan is a Stafford Loan, which can be either subsidized or unsubsidized. With subsidized Stafford Loans, the government covers the interest on the loan while the student is enrolled in school. They also pay the interest for the six month grace period following graduation and during any authorized deferments after graduation. Subsidized Stafford Loans are need-based scholarships, awarded to those students who need the most money for college. Conversely, unsubsidized Stafford Loans are solely the responsibility of the student, as they are not need-based. Students must pay the interest themselves, even while they are attending college. However, a deferment is possible, as long as the student realizes that the accrued interest will be applied to the principal.

There are also Perkins Loans, which are awarded to students who demonstrate an exceptional need for financial aid. Next up is private student loans. Whereas with Stafford Loans – the subsidized Stafford as well as the unsubsidized version – and Perkins Loans, a student can receive them – potentially – by filling out the Free Application for Federal Student Aid form, FAFSA offers no private student loans. Private student loans are instead obtained through third-party and/or private lenders. Consequently, they generally come with much higher interest rates than federal student loans, however, they can be a life-saver if a student’s financial aid package is not enough to cover his or her college education and financial needs.

In addition to all of these – and sometimes including them – there are also student loans for graduate students. Undergraduates are by no means the only college students who have the opportunity to receive student loans.

Simply because there are so many different forms of financial aid available to all variety of students, it can be extremely difficult to tell what is what. So, in closing, student loans apply to students: the students apply for them, the students borrow them, and the students pay them back when they have graduated or are able. There are subsidized student loans and unsubsidized student loans available, as well as private student loans without number. What a student receives depends solely on his or her financial need and what he or she believes will suit his or her college and financial requirements best.

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Category: student loans

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Deferred student loans are student loans in which the payments are postponed or suspended for a period of time. Federal loans, such as federal subsidized Stafford loans and the federal unsubsidized Stafford loans are examples of this type of loan.

In the case of a federal subsidized Stafford loan, repayment of the educational or student loan is deferred until the student has already graduated from the course, has a job, and is ready to begin paying off the loan. The beauty of the federal subsidized Stafford loan is that the government itself pays for the interest during the course of the student’s education. The federal subsidized Stafford loan also gives the student a longer period of time in some cases as much as thirty years, within which to pay off the loan. This has the effect of significantly lowering the amount of the monthly repayments making them a lot easier to cope with.

In order to qualify for the subsidized Stafford loan, one does not need a good credit rating. In fact, Stafford loans are usually not credit-based. However, to be able to obtain a subsidized Stafford loan, one must at least belong to a family demonstrating severe financial need. Students belonging to families with an annual income that is less than $50,000 are more likely to be given priority than students belonging to families with an annual income of $100,000.00. Because of this, and also because it presents lower interest rates, and easier and better terms and conditions, the subsidized Stafford loan is usually the first and ultimate choice of many students.

The federal unsubsidized Stafford loans are also a kind of deferred loan. Just like the federal subsidized Stafford loan, repayment of this type of loan may also be deferred or postponed until the student has already graduated from college. However, the student himself shoulders all the interests accrued during the period of schooling. The accumulated interest is then added to the principal loan amount, so the total loan amount becomes higher than the original amount applied for. Nevertheless, one is allowed a considerably longer grace period to be able to settle the amount in full.

Deferred student loans enable a student to fulfill his dream of completing a college degree without having to worry about educational expenses while he is still in school. The mere fact of going to college may already be quite burdensome and anxiety-provoking. But the burden and anxiety may be significantly lessened if one does not have to worry about money matters, like paying for his education, for instance.

Deferred student loansmay just be the best option for student loans there is. Not surprisingly, therefore, many students prefer to apply for this type of student loan first before applying for other types of loans.

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Category: student loans

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For those students who have loans, there is a clear difference between the arrangements for repayments. For many, there will be a need to make payments as they go along through school and budgeting will be vital to keep ahead. For others, deferred student loans are ideal in that they only need to be cleared once school is finished.

For many this will be the method of choice to finance college, though it also means there will be a need to start paying when you get out. Closure might well be more difficult, with other responsibilities requiring financing as your life and career progresses.

Keeping Up With Payments

Clearly, for a standard type of loan, making regular payments is important and falling behind is probably not too clever an idea. Once you start sliding down that slippery slope, you are truly likely to hit big problems. There are ways to refinance this situation, but the likelihood is that you will face interest rate penalties – and then again, you are in a difficult position and that might be your best – indeed only option.

For those in the easier position with deferred student loans (like the Stafford Loan), not only are there no repayments while in school, but there is usually a period between graduating and repayments starting – often of up to six months. This is a real bonus, as you get the opportunity to start earning and settling into work before you start paying off those debts from your college years.

Following The Stafford Loans Rules

It’s also worth bearing in mind with a Stafford Loan that you have certain requirements to keep up if you want to maintain that preferred status. For instance, if you drop out of school, the loan will need to be repaid. If you have to, it’s better to drop down to part-time and keep in school, as this usually enables you to hang on to the preferential status of the deferred student loan – a real benefit to your financial health and cashflow!

With a Stafford Loan, there are a couple of possibilities for you to consider when you are looking for one. In some cases funding can be arranged through private funding and on other occasions you will be able to get one of this type of deferred student loan through your school. Both of these are Stafford Loans and have the benefit of later repayment.

Then There’s The Perkins Loan

In some cases, for those students who are less attractive to the lenders of a Stafford Loan, a Perkins Loan might be available through the school. These are quite difficult to get, as there is only a certain amount of governmental funding available. But if you feel that you might have a challenge to get a standard Stafford Loan, then this might be worth considering.

Whichever type of loan you choose (maybe is chosen for you), the time of retribution will come along. For those who prefer regular payments and little or no debt at the end, the hard work will have to be carried out around your college study timetable. For those who wish for a bit of financial space whilst in school, deferred student loans will be the option to choose, with later repayment a burden when you get out into the real world.

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Category: student loans

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Getting to college, saving the money and earning it as you go is only a part of the story. Most students will borrow at least some of the cash they need.

Once the classes have finished and it’s time to get out into the real world, it’s also time to decide how you are going to handle your deferred student loan into the future. You don’t want a cloud hanging over you forever, nor do you want to miss then fun your new earning power gives you.

So what’s the deal then?

Let’s just look at what a deferred student loan is all about. Whilst some student loans are deferred, you need to realize that many require payments even while you are still at college, which as you might already realize, is like topping up a water barrel that has the plug already out at the bottom.

Question is, can you put money in at the top fast enough to stop your barrel becoming empty?

So, if you can, it might be a great idea to have a loan, like a Stafford loan that needs no repayment until graduation is over, often with a 6-month grace period as well, to get you started in your job and new home etc.

Whatever the benefits of this are, there are rules upfront. If you leave college, or do too few hours of class, for example, you may well be required to pay back all you have borrowed right away. From this point of view, so long as you stay enrolled in the college that you have chosen, or a similar qualifying one, you will be OK

In this way, the loan is regarded as a deferred student loan.

With a Stafford Loan, there are two ways that it works. Sometimes the deferred student loan is offered by the college itself. The alternative is where private funding is arranged, by a specialist in student loans and guaranteed by the federal government. Repayment is the same in both situations and the loan remains payable under the terms of the agreement.

An alternative, the Perkins deferred student loan, comes through the college and has government funds to back it and is focused on those who cannot afford a loan from any other sector.

You need to remember that there is a range of schedules for deferred student loans that are not as ‘deferred’ as you might want. Getting into one of these without the right plan going forward will give you a tough time, so make sure that you realize fully what you are getting into.

You see, as an example, a ‘Federal Direct Parent Loan for Undergraduate Students’ start their repayment demands within a couple of months of classes starting!

This is not really one of the deferred student loans that you would want to take, if you are in the emptying that water barrel situation. If you do find you have one of these loans, it’s vital to get your budgeting and cash flow well organized well before you start to fall behind.

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Category: student loans

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The benefits of quality continued education cannot be understated in a culture that constantly evolving to meet new technology and business challenges. For both parents and professionals, locating a solid financial resource for further educational opportunities has become almost mandatory. Certainly, for parents the goal is to provide their children with a college education that give them more opportunities than they, themselves, had. For professionals, in business or other areas, the need to stay relevant to the changing needs within that profession prompt the search for education. Yet, in either case, the costs associated with secondary schools and technical institutes can be immense.

There are various types of assistance available for people who want to further their education, some government-funded while others come by private means. For anyone who needs student loans or other financial aid to pay for school or educational training, there are programs that make this possible. It is not only possible but it financial assistance is made widely accessible and affordable. Student loans are perhaps the most widely used form of educational financial assistance although scholarships, work-study program, and family contributions do play a significant part as well.

What are some of the reasons why student loans may still be one of the most attractive options out there? Certainly, the first point you could make is that borrowers will not be required to pay back the student loan until after your complete your education. This means the payments will be deferred. Beyond this obvious advantage, there also others associated with interest rates and payment terms. Many of those lenders who offer student loans do so at lower interest rates than other types of loans. Also, lenders are more apt to work with student borrowers by making repayment terms flexible. Charges on interest rates for student loans may also be deferred until after a student finishes coursework and start paying the loan back.

There are two main types of student loans offered by the United States government. The first one is the Stafford Loan. With this loan, any funds for tuition and enrollment costs for the college or university are given to the borrower by banking institutions or lending companies that have partnered with the federal government. The second type is called the Perkins Loan. This loan is offered directly by the school or university, which operates directly as a lender.

Specific application processes are associated with received student loans or financial aid from governments or schools. Yet, for many professionals the ways they receive financial aid make come from taking out personal loans as student loans. In some cases, a student loan may come from the professional’s employer who wants them to have updated training and expertise.

There are definitely many options to consider. If you desire more information, you will have to do research to see what student loan opportunities may be available to meet your circumstances. You owe it to yourself to pursue further education and possibly help yourself but your children as well.

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Category: student loans

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Whether you’ve only been out of college a few months and are still looking for a job, or you’ve just lost a job you had for the past five years, you may not always be fully financially equipped to handle your student loan debt. When unexpected expenses or hardships hit, even the most responsible borrowers can find themselves struggling to make their student loan payments.

But the good news is that your federal student loans come with repayment plans and deferment and forbearance benefits that could help you when you’re having trouble making your monthly payments.

To help you avoid getting caught in financial trouble with missed payments and defaulted student loans, NextStudent, a leading Phoenix-based education funding company, offers this quick guide to your deferment and forbearance benefits.

Postponing or Reducing Your Monthly Student Loan Payments

If you’re having trouble affording your monthly payments, don’t just ignore your monthly bills; always communicate with your lender about your financial situation and ask about your deferment and forbearance options. Deferments and forbearances allow you to temporarily postpone or reduce your monthly student loan payments while keeping your credit score intact.

Deferments and discretionary forbearances (granted in cases of financial hardship) aren’t automatic. You need to contact your lender to request a deferment or forbearance. You may be required to complete a deferment or forbearance request form and to submit supporting documentation.

Most federal student loans (including Perkins loans, Stafford loans, PLUS loans, Grad PLUS loans, and consolidation loans) come with deferment and forbearance benefits. Some private student loans may also offer deferment or forbearance periods-you’ll need to contact your private student loan lender.


Deferment allows you to temporarily stop making payments on your student loans.

You may be able to request a deferment on your federal student loans if you are:

 Enrolled in school at least half time


 Experiencing economic hardship

 In the military and have been deployed

When you’re in deferment, you’ll only be charged interest on your unsubsidized student loans. The interest on your deferred subsidized student loans will be paid by the government.

You can choose to make interest payments on your unsubsidized student loans during deferment in order to avoid having any accrued unpaid interest added to your principal student loan balance.

For your private student loans, contact your lender to see if they offer deferment periods under certain enrollment, military service, or financial circumstances.


Forbearance allows you to temporarily reduce or postpone payments on your student loans. You may request a discretionary forbearance in cases of unemployment or financial hardship. Generally, your lender can grant a forbearance for up to a year at a time.

When you’re in forbearance, you’re responsible for all interest that accrues, whether the student loans in forbearance are subsidized or unsubsidized. You can choose to make interest payments during forbearance in order to avoid having any accrued unpaid interest added to your principal loan balance.

Avoiding Default

Just like making on-time car or credit card payments, timely student loan repayment can be a way for you to build credit or improve your credit score. At the same time, every student loan payment you miss can bring down your credit score. Miss enough payments, and your student loans could go into default, which can cause damage to your credit that takes years to repair.

The key to avoiding default is communicating with your lenders about your financial situation and requesting a deferment or forbearance if you need one. More likely than not, your lenders are going to be willing to work with you to help keep you from defaulting by keeping your student loan repayment affordable, even when you’re facing tough financial circumstances.

NextStudent believes that getting an education is the best investment you can make, and we’re dedicated to helping you pursue your education dreams by making college funding simple. Learn more about Student Loans, Private Student Loans and Student Loan Consolidation at

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Category: student loans

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The Default Story

Legally, a default occurs the first time you fail to make a payment when it is due. But if you fail to make your student loan payment for 180 days, your loan will enter the “official” default status and take on a life of its own. This is the point at which the lender will report your student loan as defaulted to the credit bureaus. It is also the point at which a long list of bad things can start to occur. Your tax refund checks can be seized and your wages can be garnished.

What Happened?

Why are student loans so different from all other debts? Well, prior to 1991 the U.S. Department of Education was empowered to collect delinquent student loans for only six years. But in 1991 an amendment to the Higher U.S. Department of Education Act lifted all time limits for collection. And the amendment was retroactive; student loans that were past the statute of limitation for collection prior to the amendment became collectable again. And to further reinforce the longevity of student loan debt, a 1998 change in federal law made it virtually impossible to discharge student loan debt in a bankruptcy.

The Reason for All This

The theory behind making sure that student loan debt can be collected forever is simple; the cost of student loans can be kept low by minimizing the number of borrowers that don’t repay. And since education, and the availability of low cost education loans, is always a political priority, it was not all that difficult to enact these changes.

The Ultimate Collectors

There is simply no way to escape the U.S. Department of Education and their army of private collection agencies that collect on their behalf. In addition, Sallie Mae, the nation’s largest student loan lender, has been purchasing collection agencies to track you down. So, what if they find you and you say you have no money? Well, the U.S. Department of Education now has the right to garnish wages, grab your tax refunds, and even seize your Social Security Checks (you read that right!), all without a court order. And, although Sallie Mae does not wield the same powers, they have started to turn over hard cases to the U.S. Department of Education to get the job done. Anyone attempting credit repair must realize that student loans must be dealt with head on, and the sooner the better.

Credit Repair Options

There are two great solutions that are designed to solve all of your student loan problems. Both of these options can stop all collection activity, lower your interest rate and payment, and reinstate your right to borrow more money for school (in case you want to go back to school). There are no qualification requirements and you are not punished for having bad credit. Everyone gets the same low interest rate. These two options are consolidation and rehabilitation. Both are a good fit with any credit repair process.

Student Loan Consolidation

Just contact the lender or collector and tell them that you would like to consolidate your defaulted loans. You will be required to make three monthly payments on time. Once you have done this you will qualify for consolidation. If you are attempting credit repair you should note that after consolidation your credit report will be updated to show the consolidated status, but the default notation will remain, like most derogatory information, for seven years. If you are in a rough patch the consolidation program allows for up to three years forbearance. Ask your lender for details. My focus has been on defaulted student loans, but it may be handy to note that you do not need to be in default to enjoy the benefits of consolidation.


This is a slightly longer process, but has the extra benefit of removing the default status notation from your credit report. To rehabilitate your loan you need to make nine to twelve consecutive on-time payments (depending on which type of student loan you have). Once you have completed this process your loan is considered “seasoned” and is sold to a new lender, and the default is wiped off of your credit. Once done, it is like it never happened. If you are attempting credit repair you should note that your payment history, including any late payments that you made, will remain, but your credit score will benefit from the removal of the default. Borrowers are allowed to rehabilitate a defaulted student loan one time only. As always, contact your lender to discuss the details.

Copyright ? 2007 James W. Kemish. All Content. All Rights Reserved.